If you’ve been searching for interior design materials, there is a good chance that you have come across laminates. The probability of this happening is more than it would be otherwise.
The finish of an interior design can be improved by using laminates, one of the most popularly used forms of decorative materials. Laminates are available in a wide variety of styles and varieties.
The versatility of laminate as a material for use in interior design is one of its primary selling points. Laminate may be used on virtually any surface, including walls, ceilings, flooring, furniture, cabinets, and even the exterior of a house, and the list of possible applications goes on and on.
The laminates are a perennial favorite among homeowners such as yourself and interior designers, thanks to their long-lasting nature and appealing visual qualities.
Here we have a detailed post explaining everything you need to know about Laminates in Interior design, from definition to where the laminates are used.
What are laminates?
Laminates are surface-finishing materials for home interiors, encompassing furniture, floor, and wall surfaces. They have a thin seat and a smooth surface.
There are various applications for laminates, including coverings for furniture, counters, floors, walls, and ceilings. Laminates can improve the surface finish of furniture, giving it a more appealing appearance while also keeping the cost down.
The material is constructed from several separate layers of decreasing thickness. The wonderful appearance of the furniture is mostly achieved via the use of laminates. In addition to this, it provides excellent stability, strength, and sound insulation. The usage of laminates as a surfacing material is widespread due to their widespread popularity.
Laminates are available in a wide variety of colors and designs. It may be used on a wide variety of furniture in various ways. First and foremost, it is determined by the material or components that will be laminated. A strong adhesive is required whenever one wishes to laminate wood or plywood.
Types of laminate
It is possible to divide laminate into a few distinct categories according to its applications, thickness and pressure, levels of finishing, and other characteristics.
Laminates in Interior Design based on usage
Laminates can also be categorized by the applications they are used for. Decorative laminates are well-known for their aesthetic value and the fact that they may be obtained in a wide variety of patterns, textures, colors, and finishes.
This material is about one millimeter thick all the way through. As a result of the fact that they may serve both decorative and protective purposes, they are the material of choice for the design of various types of furniture, including cabinets, shelves, doors, and office cubicles.
Due to their great resistance to wear and tear and ability to sustain enormous loads, industrial laminates are utilized for their applications in the industrial sector. They are used in the production of circuit boards, storage boxes, and other furniture forms in industrial settings.
In addition, some types are fire-rated, manufactured using a fire-resistant resin, and find applications in kitchens, hospitals, institutions, and airports.
There are many different kinds of laminate, such as those with anti-bacterial and anti-fungal qualities that are utilized in healthcare and daycare facilities, as well as outdoor UV laminates that are utilized for billboards and cladding.
Types of laminate-based thickness
Regular Laminate Sheets
The thickness of this sort of laminate can range from around 1.5 millimeters to 8 millimeters. The surface of the plywood or hardwood is prepared for the laminate by applying glue to it.
Compact Laminate Sheets
Laminates often have a thickness that ranges from three millimeters to thirty millimeters. It is composed of laminates that may stand on their own.
As a result, it does not need to be supported by wood, plywood, or any other material before it can be utilized; it can be used directly.
Types of laminate-based Surface Finish
Solid Colored Laminates
These types of laminate sheets are a single color across their entirety. It is a common type of laminate used for fabricating desks and platforms in kitchens.
Gloss Finish Laminates
This finishing has a tiny appearance on the surface of the object. Frequently it is used in the hospitality industry, particularly in restaurants, hotels, and event production. In addition, it only requires a moist towel to be cleaned effectively.
Matt Finished Laminates
The surfaces that are finished with this laminate are flat and matte. It has a higher level of durability than Gloss Finish Laminates, even though it is more expensive. Matte finishing laminates are highly recommended for use in executive and commercial offices and on computer workstations.
Leather Laminate Sheets
This particular variety of laminates provides a surface with the look of leather. In addition, it is available in a wide variety of hues, including brown, black, and gray. It is utilized in the construction of wardrobes and beds.
This specific type of laminate can either have a patterned or an abstract texture. One can get a sense of their consistency. A laminated sheet can come in a variety of hues and patterns.
Wood Grain Laminates
The texture of this laminate is exactly that of wood. Looks like solid wood. Its grain is beginning to emerge. For laminate wood flooring, it is renowned. It is somewhat pricey.
The metallic appearance is achieved with this type of laminate. Components such as aluminum, chromium, and zinc are examples. It is helpful for both home and business applications.
Based on Advanced Properties
Fire Rated Laminates
When certain types of laminates are manufactured, a special fire-resistant resin is used. This gives the laminate its fire-resistant properties. These laminates can be found in kitchens, airports, hospitals, and financial organizations.
Outdoor UV Laminates
Outdoor applications call for this particular variety of laminate in project areas where the sun’s rays direct contact with the structure.
It can withstand the sun and dust for an extended period. It is used for things like cladding and billboards.
The appearance of laminate flooring is quite similar to that of actual wood. In contrast to solid wood, the material has a lower impact on the surrounding ecosystem.
It is not as susceptible to denting or absorbing moisture as wood is. However, routine maintenance is required to ensure that the laminate design retains its lustrous appearance even after many years.
In contrast to timber flooring, which can be fixed if damaged, laminate flooring must be replaced after it has been damaged.
Best Types of Laminates in Interior Design
There is a range of types of laminates, as you can see, but for interior purposes, here are the best types you can choose for your house of business.
High-Pressure Laminate (HPL)
A high-pressure decorative laminate, or HPL for short, is a panel made up of layers of cellulose fibers that have been impregnated with thermosetting resins and then subjected to a high-pressure process that involves the simultaneous application of heat and pressure. In other words, an HPL panel is a high-pressure decorative laminate.
The technique results in a homogenous, non-porous material with the requisite surface polish. The fluidization and polycondensation of the resins both occur simultaneously due to the procedure.
The ornamental sheets used in high-pressure laminates, also known as HPL, are bonded using high pressure and then glued together. They are exceptionally long-lasting and can withhold substantial weight.
HPL is sold in the form of panels and can be purchased in various dimensions, thicknesses, and surface finishes. High-Pressure Laminate finished products might have a nominal thickness of between 0.6 and 30 millimeters.
Paper makes up around sixty percent of high-pressure laminate (HPL), while thermosetting resins make up the remaining forty percent. Phenolic resin is typically used for the core layers, while melamine resin is used for the surface layer (s).
Some HPL laminates have a core that is strengthened with metal layers, while others have a decorative surface made of metal foils or wood veneers.
Additionally, high-pressure laminate (HPL) is offered in a flame-retardant grade known as “F1,” which, because of its one-of-a-kind composition and the fact that it contains no halogens whatsoever, offers an even better fire reaction rating than the regular version.
How It’s Made
To make HPL, many layers of kraft paper are soaked in the phenolic resin during manufacturing. Before beginning the pressing process, a layer of printed décor paper is applied on top of the kraft paper.
The sandwich produced as a result is pressed together and subjected to heat (more than 1,000 PSI).
Because phenolic and melamine resins are thermoset plastics, the curing process changes the resin into plastic through a cross-linking procedure that also changes the paper sheets into a single, hard laminated sheet.
That happens because phenolic and melamine resins are thermoset plastics, the thermo-setting process results in extremely strong and irreversible bonding, which contributes to the longevity of HPL.
It is generally agreed that high-pressure laminate is one of the most long-lasting materials for decorative surfaces. It is used in horizontal and vertical applications, such as furniture, cabinetry, flooring, and wall treatments, and it performs well in both configurations.
Since HPL is long-lasting, it is an excellent choice for surfaces that will be subjected to heavy foot activity in high-traffic areas of the house and retail, corporate, and hospitality environments. In medical facilities and clinics, it is frequently used in the formation of both vertical and horizontal surfaces.
Because of the characteristics of HPL, it can also be performed. The technique has progressed to the point where it now incorporates several other premium edge treatments, such as ogees and multiple radiuses, which imitate more expensive stone installations.
The field of interior design has been completely reimagined due to the revolutionary materials that Arpa Industriale has developed under the brand name FENIX.
They are not only pleasing to the eye, but more importantly, they are a high-tech material that is distinguished by the fact that they have distinctive qualities.
FENIX can possess these qualities due to passing through a certain sequence of operations, which includes the application of a multilayer coating and utilizing next-generation acrylic resins, both of which are toughened and fixed using a method known as electron beam curing.
Their surface is quite opaque, has a velvety feel, and resists fingerprints despite having a low light reflectance. Scratches, abrasion, dry heat, acid-based solvents, and common household reagents have very little effect on FENIX materials because of their high resistance level.
It’s also feasible for superficial micro-scratches to heal through heat. The outside layer of FENIX surfaces is a one-of-a-kind non-porous coating, making it possible for the material to retain its clean appearance with standard, straightforward maintenance and cleaning procedures. They can also come into contact with food without causing any problems.
What is Fenix Made Out Of?
A specific sequence of procedures, including the application of a multilayer coating and the utilization of next-generation acrylic resins, are carried out on the product before it can be transformed into Fenix.
Fenix stated that “these resins are toughened and fixed by the technique of electron beam curing.” Their surface is quite opaque, has a velvety feel, and resists fingerprints despite having a low light reflectance.
What Makes This Product Unique?
Scratches, abrasion, dry heat, acid-based solvents, and common household reagents have very little effect on Fenix’s performance. This product’s thermal healing capabilities are just another of its amazing selling points.
In addition, the outside layer of Fenix surfaces is non-porous, enabling the material to retain its pristine appearance with only the most fundamental and routine forms of care and cleaning.
Due to the exceptional sanitary qualities of this material, it is appropriate for use in environments where food is present.
Fenix is an excellent choice for every kind of work surface, including tables, chairs, partition walls, bookcases, backsplashes, and furniture like tables and chairs. Because this material has an incredibly matte surface, low light reflection, and color depth, you will not be able to notice any fingerprints on this material. Additionally, the material does not reflect any light.
With its up-to-date aesthetic, the Fenix collection is best suited for homes decorated in a contemporary or industrial design. On the other hand, this material can be combined well with other, more traditional, and natural materials like wood due to its adaptability.
Due to its exceptionally high durability and enhanced anti-bacterial qualities, it is possible to use Fenix outside the home in various public locations and in the hospitality and healthcare professions.
The surface properties of Fenix combine to produce a high-performance material. This material is a perfect alternative to other materials, such as solid surfaces, lacquered and metal, or glass, and it also has the benefit of being easy to use.
Stratificato HPL Laminate
The Stratificato HPL material provides exceptional qualities in terms of its functionality and appearance.
It is the material of choice for self-supporting furniture systems due to its adaptability in machining and assembly, its resistance to wear and humidity, its hygienic features, and its versatility.
Stratificato HPL, which can be supplied in various typologies, is the most qualitatively reliable material with the most extensive aesthetic potential not only for building contemporary design in general but also for applications where strength and design need to be combined. It is suitable for all applications where design and strength must be combined.
Partitions made of Stratificato HPL, which maximize space use while reducing the required care, can easily replace conventional walls. Throughout its life cycle, Stratificato HPL will retain its aesthetically pleasing and functionally effective attributes.
The core comprises layers of cellulose fibers that have been impregnated with phenolic resins, and the surface is composed of one or more layers of cellulose fibers that have been impregnated with thermosetting resins. A high-pressure process bonds these layers together by the standard.
The appearance of properties of the panel that contracts when there is low humidity and expands when there is high moisture are unaffected by the natural fluctuations in temperature and humidity that occur on their own.
Stratificato HPL is unaffected by these variations in temperature and humidity. Because of this, the material ought to be conditioned where it will be installed.
The density of Stratificato HPL results in an excellent mix of mechanical qualities, including impact resistance, flexural strength, tensile strength, and compressive strength.
Because Stratificato HPL is homogeneous and has a high density, it facilitates the retention of fasteners like screws and inserts. A sizeable portion of its overall make-up is comprised of renewable raw resources.
How Laminates in Interior Design are used
The following are areas where laminates are used in interior design.
Laminates are an excellent choice for flooring since, in addition to closely resembling the natural materials, such as wood, that you favor, they are also an environmentally responsible alternative.
To spruce up your flooring and the entire area, you may choose from a wide variety of laminates, each of which comes in a different style and color. Because it makes the appearance of hardwood, decorative laminate such as wood grain laminate is popular.
Textured finish laminates are available in various designs that make them appear like marble, limestone, and many other materials. The laminated flooring you choose for your house will not only be easy on the eyes but will also save you money and be an extremely long-lasting addition to your property.
As wall panels and on furniture
The most effective strategy for giving your home a deluxe makeover is to install laminated wall panels. You will never find yourself without a choice, thanks to the extensive list of possibilities and the versatility of sorts and designs.
You have a wide variety of options when searching for a laminate to use on the wall, ranging from textured wall laminates to ones with a matte finish. A wall that has been laminated provides the ideal backdrop for your interior design and also adds an air of elegance to the space.
Laminates improve the polish of pieces of furniture like chairs and tabletops, giving the piece an overall more contemporary appearance. Glossy finish laminates have a reflective and polished exterior and provide the appearance of sophistication to the furniture they are used on. Leather laminates and laminates with a matte finish are two additional popular options for giving the furniture a sophisticated appearance.
In Modular Kitchens
Since laminates are both long-lasting and simple to clean, many people choose to install them in their kitchens. This choice is completely justified.
Laminates also come in various styles and designs, so consumers have plenty of options to pick from. Laminates with a matte finish and laminates with a glossy finish are both popular alternatives for kitchen cabinets because they are stylish and boost the kitchen’s usefulness.
Mixing up the solid color laminates used for the kitchen cabinets and drawers is one way to inject some color into the space, which is recommended if you want to get the desired effect.
Since a metallic finish exudes a contemporary and streamlined appearance, laminates with a metallic finish are a relatively popular choice for the kitchen.
Wardrobes and storage
The term “laminates” refers to the material most frequently used for wardrobes and storage. Laminates provide a wide variety of styles and designs from which to choose, allowing you to discover the one that is most appropriate for you and your residence.
Wardrobes and other forms of storage are more than just designated areas to put away stuff and possessions; in truth, they are an essential component of the room’s architecture.
The use of laminates can assist in imparting an alluring personality and allure to your closets and storage areas. Each of the various options for the laminate surface on your wardrobes and storage units gives them a distinctive look and feel. Some of the available options include glossy, matte, and textured finishes.
Conclusion about Laminates in Interior Design
Laminates offer a one-of-a-kind combination of elegance, durability, and value, and as a result, they are gradually but surely becoming an essential component of interior design. Besides a unique appearance laminates guarantee outstanding durability and easy maintenance.
You have the option of selecting from the ornamental laminates, which come in a variety of patterns, colors, and surface treatments to choose from.
It doesn’t matter if you want to improve the appearance of your doors, shelves, furniture, workstations, or any other type of furniture; laminates are the greatest alternative available today.
Get in contact with an interior designer if you want to include laminates in the interior design plans for your new home or for renovations, as these are both areas in which laminates can be used.
FAQS about laminates
What are laminates made of?
Paper and plastic are the two primary components that go into making laminates. A robust laminate sheet is created by applying intense pressure to layers of brown paper and decorative paper that have been impregnated with phenolic and melamine resins.
Is laminate wood or plastic?
Laminate is a type of synthetic flooring that consists of many layers. It has been crafted to give the impression that it is made of real wood.
Most of the melamine resin and fiber board material used in the construction of laminate flooring is used to make the core layer. An imprinted textured image that looks like real wood has been applied to the top layer.
Is laminate good for a kitchen?
With its durability, laminate flooring is an excellent option for usage in a room like a kitchen. Because it is resistant to stains and scratches, you can use your laminate flooring for many years.
When installed with an underlayment, it prevents moisture buildup and muffles sound, making it a more comfortable surface for walking and moving about on.
Is laminate good for bathrooms?
When you take the necessary care to preserve the wood base from moisture, laminate can be successfully installed in bathrooms.
Since the joints between the planks are so tightly sealed, it is difficult for moisture to make its way below. Additionally, laminate is simple to clean.