Murano glass and art glass in furniture

Murano glass art modern furniture

Murano glass art modern furniture

On Murano island, in Italy Venice province, the  Murano glass art modern furniture, thanks to the ability of the masters, is developed and created from the masters of glass works.

For over a thousand years, a tradition with its ancient secrets, handed down from generation to generation and that is not taught in any school. An Italian Heritage to promote and defend.

Through precious lessons deriving from the Italian tradition glassworks established in the 40s, the industrial glass, so charming with its linear essentiality, is enriched and warmed by shapes and colours that always refer to the inexhaustible heritage of the Venetian handicraft, with intelligence and creativity, giving life to a product unique of its kind in Murano glass art modern furniture.

Murano glass and art glass in furniture

Murano Glass

Soda is added at the silica sand, that allows the fusion with lower temperatures. Moreover, the glass solidify more slowly. As dyestuffs, the metallic oxides are often used: manganese for amethyst and purple, cobalt for light-blue, fine gold for the ruby red, copper for green and blue colours. The reverberation oven smelts the raw materials with a temperature of about 1400° C. The vitreous paste remains ductile and mouldable till 500° C.

The “Blown Glass” is the main high level working techniques: a clot of incandescent glass is took by using an iron blowing rod. Another ageold technique is “Murrina”: it is regarding in fusing monochrome or polychrome section of vitreous stick on the base of a specific drawing, to obtain a colourful vitreous tissue.The “Solid Glass”, is at the end, the typical Murano manufacture process. This proceeding consists in sculpting the hot vitreous mass to obtain specific figures. The technical difficulties due to the big weight of the incandescent glass are considerable and that’s why today, the rare and appreciated Murano’s glass Masters, keep on maintaining high the level of the secular fame of this Art unique in the world in Murano glass art modern furniture.

Murano glass art modern furniture

Specific glass technologies: cut, grinding, silvering, milling, bending, that joint to the highest level of technologic precision in the steel working, in order to make granted and patented mechanisms, realized with new steel qualities in order to offer high performances, in terms of  and corrosion resistance and mechanical strength.

Glass

The word “Glass” in the most usual language refers to the glasses made mainly from silicon oxides (silicon glasses) used mainly as construction material or in the manufacture of decorative components, as complements, accessories and lighting. The most of the utilization of the glass derive from its clearness and translucency to the visible glass, from its chemical non-alterability and its versatility. There are different types of glass, the flat glass, it ranges from the float glass (the 90% of the worldwide flat glass is called “float”, for its production with flotation system), available in several thickness from the 2mm to the 24mm and offered also in the extra-clear glass version, smoked, frosted, sandblasted and bush-hammered. There are also different working of the flat glass: cut, grinding, milling, puncturing, laminating and tempering. The most captivating feature is linked to the rays of light: the glass lives and it disclose itself thanks to the light! Always unique and different is a matchless and highest ornamental material, a multifaceted element as per a precious diamond!

Murano glass art modern furniture

 

The glass can be float transparent or extra-clear, smoked, sandblasted, or frosted; lacquered or etched lacquered with water-based products that are environmentally friendly. Most of talented interior designer use artistic glasses in their projects.

Coloured shiny

A wide range of contemporary colors, allowed by a high performance layer of water-based lacquer that is environmentally friendly, is placed on the internal side of the transparent glass sheet. The result is a rich color palette that makes fascinating color alternative through play of light and transparency. Here is that objects enhance themselves of color variations, through everchanging play of light. In perfect compatibility with the philosophy of the companies, every color and combination can be customized, according to the customer requirements and the project to be realized.

Murano glass art modern furniture

Matt

Like the shiny lacquering, also the coating of the frosted glass panels guarantee an exclusive and high refinement result, secured by the matt and silky effect, in a wide variety of colors from the softer ones to the vigorous ones, always with water-based products and always with the maximum control to the quality and the durability.

Glass application in furniture industry

Some well-known italian companies use the Murano glass and massive glass as a base for their tables, and has always been privileging the use of high-quality materials, such as glass, marble, forged iron and wood, seeking new contrasts and technological procedures on the cutting edge, with a craft ability. The results are furnishings that express the perfect combining of technology, design, research and tradition, in Murano glass art modern furniture.

Those italian companies collaborate with famous architects, both Italian and foreign. The most well-known are: Pininfarina, Sacha Lakic, Maurice Barilone, Andrée Putman, Arnaldo Gamba, Leila Guerra and Marco Piva.

 

Following some industrial process related to the realisation of furniture and glass objects, that interior designer Bangkok use in his projects :

The bending process

The bending process consists essentially of three elements:

  • the moulds;
  • checking the temperature of the sheet of glass at various points in order to melting each of these points differently, depending on the final shape to be accomplished;
  • the master bender, who only after many years of training, guided by an expert “master glassmaker”, starts to take some of the operations on his own until he finally takes full responsibility for them, empowering him to combine technical skill and manual proficiency.

Murano glass art modern furniture

This craft requires various and complex skills, the achievement of which indicate an undoubted passion for one’s work, namely:

  • guiding and imparting the correct temperature to the various points on the sheet of glass;
  • moving the reference mould, opening the hatch of a furnace with internal temperatures between 650° and 900°;
  • when necessary, moulding the glass by means of various tools until it assumes the desired shape;
  • maintain the level of the glass between the solid and the liquid state, under unique conditions.

However, passion alone is not enough: expertise requires a high level of sensitivity! The involvement of the master bender and his capability to work in harmony with the colleague helping him in front of the furnace are essential elements providing to the quality of the finished product. It is from this very meeting of technology and craftsman’s know-how that distinct, non mass-produced items are born.

Murano glass art modern furniture

The fusion

In order to transform a sheet of glass into a three-dimensional creation, the sheet of glass must be subjected to a heat-treatment process consisting of three steps, each of which occurs within a temperature range that is well marked for each product being worked:

  • heating, prior to bending;
  • melting, during which the glass changes form due to gravity. During this operation, the artisan in charge for melting “helps” the glass to assume the intended shape, endowing the finished product with that uniqueness that discern it from the mass produced article.
  • cooling, which occurs in different chambers, is the process that decide whether or not there are any residual tensions inside the created object.

Murano glass art modern furniture

The furnaces reaching internal temperatures of between 650° and 900°C. This equipment is designed and built within the company and represents the pinnacle of the know-how.

The engraving

The engraving is the abrasive-mechanical type and is conduct manually by the master engraver, making use of specific grinding wheels to produce the desired decorative motif.

Here too, the human contribution is crucial. The person, although following a predefined order, contributes through his sensitivity, infusing the design and, therefore, the product with an absolute uniqueness. This feature is very common in Murano glass art modern furniture.

Murano glass art modern furniture

 

The sculpting

The production, from scratch, is one of the most engaging points in the production process, in which craftsmanship finds its most spectacular representation.

On a specially equipped bench, the master carver appears almost like an artist due to the sensitivity required by the process and for the end result itself. Selecting the most appropriate piece of glass time after time, drawing the shape that each piece must take, preparing each piece of glass by grinding the edge and smoothing it to avoid it causing injury and finally sculpting it by means of a special “tool” with an almost rhythmical movement: piece after piece the master sculptor’s ability is manifested and one can see the meeting point of creativity and skills.

This stage is followed by operations that are also an evidence to the absence of mass-production in the creation of these pieces: the individual fragments, once sculpted, are finished on the sanding belt and then joined one to the other to make up the table leg, which is then ready to be connected to the table top. This feature is very common in Murano glass art modern furniture.

Murano glass art modern furniture

The silvering

This process consists of depositing metallic silver (through the precipitation of silver nitrate) on the parts not in touch with the tin, and allows the creation of glass with the ability to reflect any rays of light that strike its surface.

This operation is based on chemical reactions, but also include careful control of all the parameters that affect the quality of the end product in that they are influenced by weather conditions. This feature is very common in Murano glass art modern furniture.

Murano glass art modern furniture

Although characterised by a high technological content, the experience and sensitivity of the artisan in charge of silvering is also essential in ensuring a good result in this process.

Murano glass art modern furniture

The assembly

In order to join two or more separately produced elements,there are two types of bonding: welding by means of UV rays and bonding using silicon or polyurethane.

Welding by means of UV rays

One of the aspect of the glues used for this type of bonding is that they contain particles that are only activated by a particular light-spectrum frequency (with a wavelength of 362 micron), which is that of ultra-violet light.It needs only a few seconds of exposure to the right light emitted by special lamps to bond the parts together permanently. In order to ensure that the lamps transmit the required light frequency, glass factories uses a special instrument, called a UV-meter, which constantly monitors wear and tear of their power.

 Bonding with silicon or polyurethane

These types of glues catalyse over time by means of the combined effects of temperature and humidity. In order to achieve the best possible result, the assembly department is able to monitor both of these parameters daily, making adjustments every time the readings fall outside the established limits that guarantee the best bonding characteristics.

The assembly of showcases

The assembly of a showcase, is a particularly complex operation, also due to the problems that may be experienced with tolerances and lining up of the following parts, as curved glass, wood based panels that are either painted or veneered, metal sections, hinges, locks, etc,

Murano glass art modern furniture

Murano glass art modern furniture

 

Following a list of most common glasses in the furniture field and interior design, also for doors and partitions:

Tempered glasses

Single tempered glasses, in other words cooked at 650° C of temperature. Mechanical resistance 5 times higher in comparison to a normal glass. In accordance with the UNI EN 12150, UNI 7697 and UNI EN 12600 rules with mention to the security of glasses for decoration purposes. In case of breaking it actually break up in harmless tiny fragments.The operations of maintenance and cleaning can be done with extreme absence of complications.

Laminate glasses

Double glasses. Between the two glasses (1) a thin plastic film (2) is inserted. Transparent and invisible it perfectly sticks to both surfaces. Both surfaces are perfectly smooth. Resistance to breaking in accordance with the UNI EN ISO 12543, UNI 7697 and UNI EN 12600 rules. The plastic film hold back the fragments in case of cracks. The operations of care and cleaning can be done with extreme ease.

Transaparent glasses

Perfectly shiny surface.
Glass produced to guarantee the greatest degree of transparency.
Float glass complies with UNI EN 572-1 standards for general, physical and mechanical properties of glass, and with UNI EN 572-2 requisites for float glass size and quality.
Higher scratch resistance consider to conventional painted surfaces.
Temperature variation resistance matches to the UNI 9429 standard.

Satinated glasses

Perfectly smooth surface.
Glass with low grade transparency distinguished by a homogeneous satin result.
Higher scratch resistance compared to proper painted surfaces. Float glass complies with UNI EN 572-1 standards for general, physical and mechanical properties of glass, and with UNI EN 572-2 required for float glass size and quality standard.
Corrosion resistance fulfil to the UNI EN ISO 9227 standard.
Temperature fluctuation resistance matches the UNI 9429 standard.

Reflective glasses

Perfectly smooth surface.
Transparent glass with a metallic coat that produce a special reflecting effect and result.
Float glass respect with UNI EN 572-1 standards for general, physical and mechanical properties of glass, and with UNI EN 572-2 required for float glass size and quality standards.
Higher scratch resistance compared to conventional painted surfaces.
Corrosion resistance fulfil to the UNI EN ISO 9227 standard.
Temperature fluctuation resistance matches to the UNI 9429 standard.

Mirrors

A surface that have the greatest degree of reflecting power.
Higher scratch resistance weigh to conventional mirrors surfaces.
Produced without adding copper and lead to metal layers and protective paints, pursuant to European Directive ROHS (Restriction of Hazardous Substances).
Resistance to declining and to aggression from chemical agents, according with regulation EN 1036.

Glossy lacquered glasses

Perfectly smooth surface.
Brightness comparable to 100 gloss.
Not transparent glass, characterized by high reflectivity.
Higher scratch resistance equivalent to conventional painted surfaces.
Corrosion resistance conforms to the UNI EN ISO 9227 standard.
Temperature fluctuation resistance matches to the UNI 9429 standard.
The colour is inside the double glass, secure from stains, dust and moisture.
The thickness of the glass creates an exclusive “depth” result.

Matt laquered glasses

Surface with velvet touch effect.
Not transparent glasses, distinguished by a very marked opacity effect.
Surface high resistant to scratching. Refractory fingerprints.
Corrosion resistance fulfil to the UNI EN ISO 9227 standard.
Temperature fluctuation resistance matches to the UNI 9429 standard.
The colour is inside the double glass, safe from discoloration, dust and humidity.
The thickness of the glass generate an exclusive “depth” effect and feeling.

 Reflex glasses

Perfectly smooth surface.
Brightness comparable to 100 gloss.
Not transparent glass, characterized by high reflectivity with metallic style surface.
Float glass complies with UNI EN 572-1 standards for general, physical and mechanical properties of glass, and with UNI EN 572-2 requisites for float glass size and quality.
The colour is inside the double glass, safe from stains, powdery and moisture.
The thickness of the glass generate an exclusive “depth” effect.

 

The ideal “companies” for the best Murano glass products 

 

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